GNN: Grail News Now
Twin Towers' Collapse Shows Bombs Say Engineers
We encourage you to discern, utilise coherent integrative logic, compassion, intuitive flow, and independent investigation, before arriving at any definite conclusion as to materials posted by GNN. Please read Ananda´s GNN: Global News Flash. Truth is plural. Opinions do not necessary reflect those of GNN news service
Tuesday, 11 September 2001 19:50 (ET)
Towers' collapse shocks engineers
DETROIT, Sept. 11 (UPI) -- A lead engineer who worked on New York's World
Trade Center Towers expressed shock Tuesday that the 110-story landmarks in
Lower Manhattan collapsed after each tower was struck by a hijacked
Constructed and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey,
the 3.8 million square foot World Trade Center was built as a seven-building
complex on 16 acres. The towers destroyed -- One and Two World Trade Center
-- rose over 100 feet higher than the Empire State Building from the center
of the complex.
Built without masonry, the towers were the first of such buildings to face
problems from intense air pressure caused by high-speed elevators. To
circumvent problems, a drywall system was attached to the reinforced steel
One of the towers had survived a 1993 attack by terrorists in an
explosives-filled van that killed six people and injured more than 1,000
Lee Robertson, the project's structural engineer, addressed the problem of
terrorism on high-rises at a conference in Frankfurt, Germany, last week,
Chicago engineer Joseph Burns told the Chicago Tribune.
Burns said Robertson told the conference, "I designed it for a (Boeing)
707 to hit it."
"Fire melts steel," Burns told the Tribune, speculating that the impact
from the planes had damaged sprinkler systems in both towers.
"You never know in an explosion like that whether they get cut off," Burns
The World Trade Center was designed by architect Minour Yamasaki of the
Rochester Hills, Mich., firm, Minoru Yamasaki and Associates, was known for
its sweeping use of glass.
Because of the buildings' heights, engineers used tubular construction of
tightly spaced steel columns. The floor trusses were built across to this
Yamasaki, who died in 1986, also designed the McGregor Memorial Conference
Center at Wayne State University, the Reynolds Aluminum building in
Southfield, Mich., and the 30-story Consolidated Gas Co. Building in
Militants who carried out the 1993 attack on the symbol of America's
financial prowess said they had wanted to bring the New York tower to the
Near Washington, part of the 6.5 million-square-foot Pentagon collapsed
after the nerve center of U.S. military forces was hit by a plane, causing a
High rises, office buildings, courts, city halls, museums, sports stadiums
and other public buildings were closed coast-to-coast as a precaution. The
Mall of America in Bloomington, Minn., the largest shopping mall in the
United States, was evacuated after the morning attacks.
"While we have not received any threats we believe this is a prudent
precaution," said Maureen Bausch, vice president of marketing and business
The Fitzgerald Theater in Minneapolis canceled a Talking Volumes Book Club
event featuring author Salmon Rushdie. Rushdie, who was marked for death by
Islamic fundamentalists several years ago, was unable to travel because of
the nationwide ground stop that halted commercial air traffic ordered by the
Federal Aviation Administration.
Copyright 2001 by United Press International.
All rights reserved.